Children in a Montessori classroom are bringing the material that they have chosen from a shelf.

Freedom to Learn, Freedom to Teach

An exciting shift has arisen in the field of education, the freedom to teach and the freedom to learn. This concept emphasizes the importance of enabling kids to explore knowledge by themselves, while teachers play roles as guides and facilitator. But how can we make this idea work really well? The answer lies in the proven and inspiring Montessori approach.

Freedom to learn and freedom to teach is more than a trend, It is a way of thinking that acknowledges children can have an active role in their own learning journey. This fosters an environment in which children are free to follow their interests and learn effectively at their own pace. The Montessori approach is a powerful way to foster ideas. It’s been around for centuries, and it’s still relevant today. Let’s deep dive into how the Montessori approach can accommodate the Freedom to learn and freedom to teach!

Montessori Approach and Its Relevance

Creating an Engaging Prepared Environment

The Montessori method emphasizes the importance of creating a prepared environment that stimulates a child’s curiosity. Every classroom or learning space must be carefully designed to meet children’s needs in developing skills and interests. Learning materials should be engaging, easily accessible, and suited to the child’s developmental stage.

In a Montessori classroom, you might find a variety of tactile learning materials organized neatly on low shelves. These materials are carefully selected to stimulate the child’s curiosity and encourage independent exploration.

Self-Directed and Purposeful Activities

Montessori education believes that children have an inner teacher that guides them in their learning and growth. This philosophy focuses on providing purposeful activities that are appropriate for each child’s developmental stage. Children are also encouraged to work independently, take charge, and collaborate with peers.

Look at a Montessori classroom where children engage in practical life activities like pouring water, sweeping, or cutting fruit. These activities may seem simple, but they help children develop fine motor skills, concentration, and a sense of responsibility. Children choose and perform these activities independently, fostering a sense of accomplishment and self-reliance rooted in their inner teacher’s wisdom.

Observation and Understanding Child’s Blueprint

In the Montessori approach, teachers have the freedom to teach in a way that meets the individual needs of each child. They closely observe children to understand their interests, strengths, and challenges. They then design learning experiences that are tailored to each child’s unique blueprint. With this deep understanding, teachers can successfully navigate learning obstacles.

For example, a teacher who notices a child struggling with a math concept might let the child explore and experiment before offering help. Through careful observation, the teacher can pinpoint the child’s specific challenges and design a hands-on activity that directly addresses those hurdles. 

Respecting the Child’s Sensitive Periods

Every child has magical moments when they’re like sponges, soaking up knowledge faster than ever. These are called “sensitive periods”. During these times, children are especially interested in learning a particular skill or concept. Teachers believe that it is important to take advantage of these periods by providing children with the freedom to explore and learn at their own pace.

For example, a child in the sensitive period for order is constantly putting things away and making sure that everything is in its place. Teachers can accommodate this by providing the child with a variety of opportunities to practice order, such as setting the table for meals, cleaning up after themselves, and organizing their own belongings. Additionally, during these times, a child’s interest in learning is at an all-time high, and teachers can seize the opportunity to introduce more advanced concepts that align with their interests.

Teacher as Observer and Facilitator

This principle shines a spotlight on the teacher as an observer and facilitator, rather than a direct instructor. Before developing a learning plan, teachers observe each child’s interests and developmental needs. They facilitate learning by providing the right materials and guidance at the right time. This is the key formula for freedom to learn and freedom to teach.

For example, if a child shows an interest in insects, the teacher takes it a step further. They create special ways to learn about insects, in all areas from math to art. This can be done by learning math concepts with an insect theme, learning vocabulary and spelling words for insect names, learning about the insect life cycle, and creating insect-shaped objects. This way of teaching allows children to choose, find, and learn about the things they are most interested in.

A teacher is observing children in a Montessori classroom as they work with metal insets.

Integrating Montessori Principles into Freedom to Learn and Freedom to Teach

Montessori principles support the freedom to learn by creating an environment that allows children to explore and discover knowledge on their own. Teachers are not the only source of knowledge, but rather facilitators who guide children in their learning journey.
The Montessori approach encourages teachers to understand each child’s development and sensitive periods. This allows teachers to tailor lesson plans to meet the individual needs of each child. By understanding that each child has an inner teacher, teachers can provide the guidance and support that each child needs to reach their full potential. Every child has a unique way of learning, and our role as educators is to nurture the development of this inner teacher. With Montessori principles, children are taught to respect themselves as learners and take ownership of their education.


Q: What is the Montessori learning method?

A: The Montessori learning method is an educational approach that emphasizes the natural and independent self-development of children through the use of Montessori materials and prepared environments.

Q: What are the main learning areas in Montessori?

A: There are 5 main learning areas in the Montessori method: practical life skills, sensorial, language, mathematics, and culture.

Q: How can the Montessori approach support the concepts of freedom to learn and freedom to teach?

A: The Montessori approach can support the concepts of freedom to learn and freedom to teach by encouraging independence, exploration, and freedom in learning.


The Montessori approach offers a rich and invaluable perspective on the freedom to teach and the freedom to learn. By understanding and integrating these principles into education, we can create a generation of children who are more self-reliant, creative, and confident in facing the challenges of the future. Recognizing that each child possesses a unique potential and has an inner teacher, we can shape an educational environment that is both stimulating and supportive. Through this approach, we are not only creating lifelong learners but also individuals who are prepared to make a difference in the world.

Let’s embrace Freedom to Learn and Freedom to Teach with Montessori!



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