Casa dei Bambini, the first Montessori School

Casa dei Bambini: Where the Montessori Method Was Born

Imagine a classroom where children choose their own activities, explore with real materials, and learn at their own pace. This wasn’t a futuristic vision, but the revolutionary reality of Casa dei Bambini, the first Montessori school, founded in the slums of Rome in 1907. 

Far from a traditional classroom, it transformed the lives of 50 neglected children, turning them from “wild and uncivilized” to confident, self-directed learners. This wasn’t magic, but the power of Maria Montessori’s revolutionary approach to education, one that continues to inspire and empower children around the world today. 

Intrigued by how a small school in Italy sparked a global movement in education? Allow us to share the story of Casa dei Bambini, the place where Montessori made a lot of discoveries through her scientific observation with children which gave rise to the Montessori method, a method that has gained even more popularity today!

The Birth of Casa dei Bambini: The FIRST Montessori School

The birth of Casa dei Bambini in early 20th-century Rome was a response to the social and economic challenges faced by the neglected and uneducated children living in the San Lorenzo neighborhood. Dr. Maria Montessori was asked to lead this program, which aimed to improve the living conditions and provide education for these children. Despite initial difficulties in convincing investors to prioritize education, the Casa dei Bambini was opened on January 6, 1907. Dr. Montessori’s innovative approach focused on self-directed learning, real materials, and a supportive environment, resulting in remarkable cognitive and social progress for the children.

Opening the Casa dei Bambini presented significant challenges for Maria Montessori. The area was known for its appalling conditions, including homelessness, crime, prostitution, and disease. However, Montessori remained determined to offer education and a better life for the children in this community. 

Montessori recognized the need for more meaningful and engaging educational experiences for the children. She provided them with materials for studying their reactions, similar to those used in experimental psychology, along with practical life exercises. Over time, the transformation was remarkable: the “wild and uncivilized” children blossomed into sociable, communicative individuals, brimming with understanding, activity, and confidence.

Key Observations that Lay the Foundation for Montessori Education

Maria Montessori created an environment that fostered children’s innate desire for exploration and discovery that she discovered through her observations.  She knew that children naturally interacted with and learned from their environment, almost like teaching themselves. 

The first Montessori classroom, equipped with basic furniture and her specially-developed materials, served as a crucial testing ground for Maria Montessori’s educational philosophy. Her observations led to many discoveries that formed the core principles of her method. The following are some of her key observations:

Key of observation

Deep focus and accomplishment: Maria Montessori discovered that children naturally concentrate on activities that capture their interest. They then repeat the activities to achieve deeper understanding and in doing so, they get a sense of accomplishment.

Order & structure: She discovered that children loved and thrived in organized environments, suggesting a preference for predictability and a safe space for exploration.

Intrinsic motivation: Very quickly Maria Montessori realized that children preferred practical activities that they watch adults around them do rather than toys. They are intrinsically motivated and do not need rewards. They had an innate drive for self-directed learning and engagement.

Emergent self-discipline: Within a free-choice environment, Maria Montessori observed that children demonstrate spontaneous self-restraint, indicating their capability for self-regulation and responsibility.

Independent learning: She discovered that children loved to learn independently. When given the opportunity to choose activities and correct themselves, children develop autonomy and a love for knowledge through self-directed exploration.

How Maria Montessori transformed the Classroom

Guided by the discoveries, Montessori implemented several changes that became hallmarks of her approach:

Child-sized environment:  Heavy furniture was replaced with child-appropriate tables and chairs, and materials were placed within easy reach.

Expanded practical activities: Tasks like sweeping and personal care were extended to include a wider range of exercises for self-care and environmental responsibility.

Open-air areas: The inclusion of open spaces encouraged movement and exploration within the classroom.

Work Cycle: Instead of a rigid schedule, Montessori designed  the work cycle where children learn through cycles of activity all while children were given  freedom to choose their interests and guide their own rhythm of learning.

The Directress as Observer and Guide: While the children take the lead in their learning journey, trained adults play a crucial role as observers and guides. They don’t dictate or instruct, but rather observe children’s interests and subtly guide them towards activities that match their current needs and developmental stage.

Empowering Learners: Montessori’s Core Principles

Maria Montessori believed that providing children with the freedom to independently work with materials and activities that they were interested in, fostered autonomy and intrinsic motivation. This allows children to have a deeper understanding of their learning. She continued to observe, refine the environment and build on her methodology that was aimed to empower children to become self-directed learners with a love for knowledge.

Maria Montessori, the pioneer of the Montessori Method, surrounded by joyful and curious children.

The Ongoing Influence of Casa dei Bambini

Casa dei Bambini continues to have a significant influence on educational practices and research in the field of child development and education. Dr. Montessori’s approach to education emphasized the importance of child-centered learning, individualized instruction, and the development of independence and self-discipline. Her methods have been shown to be effective in promoting academic achievement, social-emotional development, and overall well-being in children.

In recent years, there has been a renewed interest in the Montessori method, as educators and researchers seek to develop more effective approaches to education that are grounded in the latest research on child development and learning. The Montessori method has been shown to be effective in promoting academic achievement, social-emotional development, and overall well-being in children, and it continues to be a popular choice for parents who are seeking a more holistic approach to education for their children.

Famous Montessori Graduates: Living Proof of its Impact

The success of the Montessori Method is evident in the many famous Montessori graduates who credit their education with their success.

  • Prince William and Prince Harry: Both members of the English royal family attended Montessori schools, where they developed essential skills for leadership and public service
  • Julia Child: The renowned chef credits the Montessori Method with fostering her creative independence and love of learning.
  • Jeff Bezos: The Amazon founder attributes his entrepreneurial spirit and problem-solving skills to his Montessori education.
  • Google founders Larry Page and Sergey Brin: The Montessori emphasis on collaboration and hands-on learning is seen as influencing their approach to innovation.
  • Helen Keller: An author and activist, she overcame significant challenges to become a prominent figure in the fight for social justice and equal rights
  • Katherine Graham: A former owner-editor of The Washington Post who played a significant role in shaping journalism and American society
  • Brene Brown: An author who has written several best-selling books on shame, vulnerability, and empathy, and has given a popular TED Talk
  • Jimmy Wales: Co-founder of Wikipedia, has played a significant role in shaping the way people access and share information online.
  • Maria Montessori herself: Not just a pioneer, Dr. Montessori became a global symbol of child-centered education, earning admiration and recognition, including three Nobel Peace Prize nominations.

Surprising Facts About Montessori Graduates:

  1. Beyond the Ivy League: While some famous graduates like Prince William, Jeff Bezos, and Google founders attended prestigious universities, the impact of Montessori goes beyond traditional academic routes. Montessori alumni can be found in diverse fields like music (Beyoncé, Taylor Swift), art (Frida Kahlo), social activism (Helen Keller), and entrepreneurship (Jimmy Wales of Wikipedia). This highlights the method’s ability to nurture a broader range of talents and aspirations.
  2. Unexpected Sparks: Did you know the inventor of the Rubik’s Cube, Ernő Rubik, went to a Montessori school? His credit for the cube wasn’t just about spatial reasoning, but also about the ingenuity and problem-solving skills fostered by his Montessori education. This shows how the method can ignite creativity in areas seemingly unrelated to traditional academics.
  3. Leadership Traits Emerge Early: While Casa dei Bambini focused on young children, the impact of Montessori on leadership skills can be seen later in life. Former Google CEO Sundar Pichai attributes his collaborative spirit and focus on team dynamics to his Montessori education. This indicates the method’s influence on developing essential leadership qualities from a young age.
  4. Lifelong Learners: Many Montessori graduates credit the method with instilling a love of learning that continues throughout their lives. Author and social researcher Brene Brown, for example, emphasizes how Montessori fostered her curiosity and independent thinking, shaping her lifelong approach to research and learning. This highlights the method’s potential to cultivate a lifelong passion for knowledge and exploration.
  5. Global Changemakers: Dr. Montessori’s broader impact extends beyond individual graduates, showcasing her own journey as a Global Changemaker and the far-reaching influence of the method she created. This demonstrates how the method can empower individuals to become agents of positive change in the world.

Children engaged in various activities in a modern Montessori classroom, filled with natural materials and hands-on learning tools.

Challenges and Solutions

Just as any educational approach comes with its unique strengths, the Montessori Method also presents some potential challenges. Let’s explore some common challenges parents may face:

  • Finding the Perfect Fit

While the Montessori Method offers significant benefits, finding a quality Montessori school can be a challenge due to variations in availability and cost. Solutions include researching accredited schools, exploring alternative options like Montessori-inspired home environments, and seeking financial assistance programs.

  • Embracing Change

The shift from traditional classrooms to the Montessori environment can be initially unfamiliar for some children. Open communication with teachers, providing ample time for adjustment, and celebrating individual learning styles can ease the transition and help children blossom in their new academic home.

  • Balancing Freedom and Structure

The Montessori emphasis on “freedom within limits” can seem daunting, particularly for parents accustomed to traditional structures. Clear boundaries, consistent guidance, and fostering a sense of community responsibility can help ensure a harmonious learning environment where children thrive under a balanced approach.


Casa dei Bambini’s legacy echoes far beyond the walls of that small Roman school. From empowering neglected children to nurturing the talents of diverse leaders and innovators, the Montessori flame continues to illuminate the path for generations of learners. Its core principles, rooted in respect for individual potential and self-directed exploration, offer a powerful alternative to traditional education.

But the story doesn’t end there. Every child has the potential to blossom when given the right environment. Perhaps the spark ignited in Casa dei Bambini can inspire you to create spaces that nurture curiosity, independence, and a love for learning in your own community. Whether it’s a classroom, a home environment, or simply the way you interact with children, remember: every child is a Casa dei Bambini waiting to be unlocked. Will you be the one to hold the key?

Are you ready to incorporate the Montessori method into your child’s education journey, or perhaps you are an aspiring Montessori teacher looking for a meaningful approach to education? There has never been a better time to explore the immense benefits of this unique educational philosophy. Learn more about our Montessori program for parents and teachers.



  1. Why did Montessori call it Casa dei Bambini?

Dr. Maria Montessori chose to name the first Montessori school “Casa dei Bambini,” which translates to “Children’s House” in English. This name reflects Montessori’s vision of creating a nurturing and homelike environment where children could feel comfortable, safe, and empowered to explore and learn independently.

  1. What are the Montessori discoveries at Casa dei Bambini?

Casa dei Bambini served as a laboratory where Dr. Montessori made several groundbreaking discoveries about child development and education. Some of her key observations and discoveries at Casa dei Bambini include the importance of providing children with hands-on learning materials, the benefits of allowing children to choose their activities, the significance of fostering independence and self-discipline, and the potential of even young children to engage in deep concentration and mastery.

  1. What is Casa dei Bambini?

Casa dei Bambini is the name of the first Montessori school, established by Dr. Maria Montessori in the San Lorenzo neighborhood of Rome in 1907. It was a pioneering educational institution that transformed the lives of neglected and uneducated children through Montessori’s innovative approach to education, emphasizing self-directed learning, real materials, and a supportive environment.

  1. What age is Casa dei Bambini for in Montessori?

Casa dei Bambini typically caters to children between the ages of three and six years old. However, the Montessori approach can be adapted to serve children of various age groups, from infancy through adolescence. In the original Casa dei Bambini, Dr. Montessori focused on the early childhood years, providing a rich learning environment for young children to develop foundational skills and foster a love of learning.

  1. How did Casa dei Bambini impact the children it served?

Casa dei Bambini transformed the lives of neglected children, fostering confidence, independence, and a love for learning, setting them on a path to academic and personal success.

  1. What was the significance of Casa dei Bambini in education history?

Casa dei Bambini marked the birth of the Montessori Method, revolutionizing education by emphasizing individualized learning, hands-on experiences, and respect for each child’s unique journey, influencing educational practices globally.

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